Mary Calvert Collection, 1904-2000

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Volume: .5 linear feet

Organization/Arrangement: Organized into two series:
I. Articles, correspondence, and research materials
II. Original photographs
Biographical Note: Mary Calvert was born on November 8, 1904 in Madison, Maine, where she attended Madison High School. In 1924 she married French engineer Francis Calvert and the couple settled in Cleveland, Ohio. There they raised two daughters and ran a family business, Calvert Co., where Francis was an electrical engineer and Mary an industrial photographer for advertisements. As her skills developed Calvert became interested in photographing nature, studying with photographers Helen Manzer and Freeman Patterson and entering many competitions. She joined the Photographic Society of America and traveled with this group to South America, China, Alaska, and Iceland, taking photographs for travel books.
In 1970, Calvert and her husband moved to Sarasota, Florida. They also built a home in East Boothbay, Maine, dividing their time between the two states.
Together they spent several years researching their region in Maine, developing expertise on the Abenaki Indians, French missionaries, and early economic development of the area. In 1975-1976 Calvert accompanied the Arnold Expedition reenactment and the last log drives down the Kennebec River, and the photographic documentation of this trip formed the basis of her two-volume set on the subject. Dawn Over the Kennebec came out in 1983, and was followed by The Kennebec Wilderness Awakens in 1986. Also in the 1980s, Calvert published three books of her photographs: Maine Captured in Color (1980), Nature Trails (1982), and Children (1988). Her third historical work, Black Robe on the Kennebec (1991) focused on the life of 17th century French missionary Sebastian Rale. Calvert's final book, The First Maine Cavalry (1997), was inspired by and dedicated to her grandfather, John Renier, who served at the Army of the Potomac in the Civil War. 
Over the course of her career Calvert exhibited her work, lectured widely and taught photography as well. In addition to being a member of the Photographic Society of America, She also joined the Woman’s Photographic Society of Cleveland, the National League of American Penwomen, the Maine Historical Society and the Daughters of the American Revolution. In 1983, Calvert received Westbrook College's Deborah Morton Award in recognition of her artistic work and contributions to the study of Maine history. In 1986, the Maine Women's History Room at the Maine Women Writers Collection was named for her. She died in Damariscotta on January 16, 2000, at the age of 95.

Description: The bulk of this collection is composed of research materials used by Calvert for her works on the Kennebec River Valley.  Included in the first series are photocopies of rare books, pamphlets, maps, and photographic reproductions documenting the history of the Abenaki Indians, early European settlers, and the logging industry.  Also included in the collection are several drafts of essays written by Calvert, correspondence with Dorothy Healy of Westbrook College, and biographical information about Calvert.  The second series includes original dry-mounted color photographs, mostly of children, from Calvert's travels in the 1970s and 1980s.
Access Restrictions: None

Please cite as: Mary Calvert Collection, Maine Women Writers Collection, University of New England, Portland, Maine

Container List:

I. Articles, correspondence, and research materials

001.  "Unsung Heroines of Early Maine" copy of typescript, 6/10/1985
002.  "Unsung Heroines of Early Maine" Kennebec Proprietor, Summer 1986
003.   "Adventures in Research" by Calvert, 1992
004.  "Place Names of the Kennebec Valley" signed typescript
005.  "Essay on Bibliography" (Dawn Over the Kennebec) typescript, 6/24/1985
006.  Postcards from granddaughter, ca. 1980
007.  Correspondence with Dorothy Healy, 1981-85
008.  Correspondence with Dorothy Healy/MWWC, 1986-96
009.  Calvert Collection - books given to MWWC
010.  Exhibit brochure, 1978
011.  Promotional brochures
012.  Interviews/reviews, 1975-80
013.  Interviews/reviews, 1981-88
014.  Interviews/reviews, 1989-
015.  Interviews/reviews, undated
016.  Biographical information
017.  Photographs - 2 8x10 signed color prints
018.  Portraits of MRC
019.  Snapshots from 1986 dedication of Abplanalp Library
020.  New England's Rarities Discovered...  by John Josselyn, 1672
021.  [Research on Champlain]
022.  "The Lost Treasure of St. Francis" by Robert E. Pike, American Heritage, Winter 1953
023.  "Carabasset, A Tragedy in Five Acts," by Nathaniel Deering, 1830
024.  Bibliography - books on Indians
025.  Bibliography on American Indians from the National Museum of Natural History
026.  A Collection of Articles on Maine Indians, MLA - MEMA Conference, 1983
027.  In the Maine Woods
028.  "Archaeology of the Piscataquis Ahwangan"
029.  Picture Writing of the American Indians
030.  "Bird Lore of the Northern Indians" by Frank G. Speck
031.  "The Abenakis: Aborigines of the Kennebec Valley" by Stephen Laurent
032.  Stephen Laurent clippings
033.  "Symbolism in Penobscot Art" by Frank G. Speck, 1927
034.  Penobscot Legends from the Fannie Hardy Eckstorm Collection
035.  "Houses and Gardens of the New England Indians" by Charles C. Willoughby
036.  Perepole's Deposition, 1793
037.  "Indian Relics in the Maine Woods" by Wendell Hadlock
038.  Indian Place-Names by Lucius Hubbard, 1883/84
039.  [Glossary: Obomsawin - Ouambourra]
040.  Indian pillow recipe
041.  Postcard: Eliot Bible translation
042.  "The Identity of the Sokokis" by Gordon M. Day
043.  "Princess Watawaso" by Ida Kitton Smith
044.  Louis Annance genealogy, Greenville
045.  Memoirs of Odd Adventures, Strange Deliverances, Etc. in the Captivity of John Giles, Esq., 1736
046.  "Captivity of Mrs. Johnson," 1798
047.  "A Narrative of the Captivity of Mrs. Johnson," 1841
048.  St. Francis
049.  Gill papers
050.  "Vieux Manuscrits Abenakis" by Judge Chas. Gill
051.  Land tracts
052.  "The Everyday Life of the Maine Colonists in the 17th and 18th Centuries" [thesis], by Linnea Westin, 1940
053.  "First Families: Woodland People of Maine and the Canadian Maritimes," by Edith Favour, 1975
054.  "Uses of Birch Bark in the Northeast" 1957
055.  [Nursing memoirs] by Elinor Hamilton
056.  University of Maine Studies - Indians - archival bibliography
057.  "Third Annual Report on the Geology of the State of Maine" 1839
058.  Congressional document re: construction of a road in Northern Maine, 1835
059.  [Town histories]
060.  Caratunk
061.  Fr. Gabriel Drillettes memorial, 1980 [clipping]
062.  "A Lumbering Report of Work on Squaw Mountain Township, Winter of 1911-1912"
063.  Lumbering
064.  Typescript [logging camps]
065.  Forks Hotel/Camp Moxie, ca. 1866
066.  Grammie Hamilton and family
067.  Maps
068.  Petroglyphs
069.  Postcards
070.  Photographs
071-078.  Photographic reproductions
079.  Oversized map reproductions - located in Tube 6
080.  Gov. Lincoln's Papers - "Language of the Abenaquis"
081.  The Abenaki Indians, their treaties of 1713, 1717 and vocabulary
082.  Indian treaties -- "Treaties with the Abenaki Indians"
083.  "Language of the Abnaquies" by Wm. Lewis
084.  Grammatical Sketch of the Ancient Abnaki
085.  "Les Abenaquis sur la Chaudiere"

II. Original photographs

52 original dry-mounted color photographs, mostly of children, from Calvert's travels in the 1970s and '80s.