Barry A. Costa-Pierce

Costa-Pierce has a 35+ year career in the marine/aquatic sciences working at 11 U.S. and International Universities, living in Asia (Indonesia, Philippines) and Africa (Malaw'i), and conducting research/scientific consulting in 20+ nations for a wide variety of multilateral and bilateral donors such ICLARM (The World Fish Center), The World Bank, The Asian Development Bank, GTZ-Germany, and USAID. He was a leader for the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) efforts to build "An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture”; plus, he led an FAO global review  of resource use in aquaculture presented at the FAO 2012 Global Conference on Aquaculture in Phuket, Thailand. Costa-Pierce has served as an Editor of Aquaculture (Elsevier, Netherlands) for 15 years; in 2013 he chaired the International Scientific Committee for Elsevier's conference on "40 Years of Aquaculture" in the Canary Islands, Spain. Prior to coming to UNE, Costa-Pierce spent 14 years as the Director/Professor of Fisheries & Aquaculture of two state Sea Grant Programs: Rhode Island Sea Grant at URI, and the Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium at the GCRL of USM. In 2011 he was elected as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science  (AAAS). AAAS stated in its award letter that Costa-Pierce was being honored “for distinguished contributions to global aquaculture and its sustainability and for leadership in marine research, education, and outreach as director of two NOAA-Sea Grant college programs”. In 2012 he received the Sea Grant Association President’s Award “for his leadership of the Rhode Island Sea Grant College Program and his pioneering work in the fields of fisheries, aquaculture, and healthy coastal ecosystems for the Sea Grant network”.  Costa-Pierce was selected a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio De Mesquita Filho (Sao Paulo State University, Brazil) in 2012; and in 2013, he was a Distinguished Visiting Professor in Aquaculture at the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, University of California Santa Barbara.

Education

Ph.D., Oceanography

University of Hawai'i

1984

M.S., Zoology

University of Vermont

1980

B.A., Zoology

Drew University

1976

Post-Doctoral Training

United Energy Corporation

Foster City

California

Clinical Affiliations

Maine

Expertise

Ecological aquaculture

sustainability science

Research

Current Research

My current research explores the sustainability science and carrying capacities of aquaculture in relationship to natural ecosystems and coastal societies. I am also supervising graduate research in aquatic food web dynamics, especially in understanding the trophic ecology of detritus in aquatic systems, and using this knowledge to develop more sustainable aquaculture systems. My passion is to conduct applied research that contributes not only to marine/aquatic science but also contributes to practical problem-solving in marine/freshwater ecology. Thus, my research inquiry and approaches are all transdisciplinary, highly collaborative, and in teams. Such approaches require the development of strategic and project partnerships across the natural and social sciences and engineering fields; and I interact closely with those having expertise in the human dimensions of marine/aquatic ecosystems esp. in the governance and planning for new uses (aquaculture, energy).

Research Interests

Ecological aquaculture: the transdisciplinary science of ocean/aquatic foods (seafoods); Fisheries: the use of underutilized species, esp. spiny dogfish sharks in the Gulf of Maine; Marine ecology: detritus and detrital food webs; Trout/steelhead aquaculture; Carrying capacity of aquaculture ecosystems

Selected Publications

2013. Needles, L., S. Lester, R. Ambrose, A. Andren, M. Beyeler, M. Connor, J. Eckman, B. Costa-Pierce, S. Gaines, K. Lafferty, H. Lenihan, J. Parrish, M. Peterson, A. Scaroni, J. Weis, D. Wendt. Managing bay and estuarine ecosystems for multiple services. Estuaries and Coasts. (DOI) 10.1007/s12237-013-9602-7 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12237-013-9602-7

2013. Christou, P., R. Savin, B. Costa-Pierce, I. Misztal, and B. Whitelaw. Sustainable Food Production. Springer Reference, N.Y. 1,865 p. in 3 volumes.

2013. Byron, C.J. and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Carrying capacity tools for use in the implementation of an ecosystems approach to aquaculture, p. 87-102. In: L.G., Ross, T.C. Telfer, L. Falconer, D. Soto and J. Aguilar-Manjarrez, Editors. 2013. Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. FAO, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.

2013. Ferreira, J., Ramos, L. & B.A. Costa-Pierce. Key drivers and issues surrounding carrying capacity and site selection, with emphasis on environmental components, p. 47-86. In: L.G., Ross, T.C. Telfer, L. Falconer, D. Soto and J. Aguilar-Manjarrez, Editors. 2013. Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. FAO, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.

2013. Ross, L.G. and 29 co-authors. Carrying capacities and site selection within the Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture, p. 19-46. In: L.G. Ross et al. (eds.) Site selection and carrying capacity for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.

2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. Introduction to ocean farming and sustainable aquaculture science and technology, p. 7263-7267. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.

2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. Ecological aquaculture, p. 533-542. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.

2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. and G.G. Page. Sustainability science in aquaculture, p. 564-581. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.

2012. O’Beirn, F., C. McKindsey, T. Landry, and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Methods of sustainable shellfish aquaculture, p. 9174-9196. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.

2012. Rosenthal, H., B.A. Costa-Pierce, G. Krause, and B.H. Buck. Bremerhaven Declaration on the Future of Global Open Ocean Aquaculture. Part I: Preamble and Recommendations. Part II. Recommendations on Subject Areas and Justifications. http://www.aquaculture-forum.com

2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. and 8 co-authors. Responsible use of resources for sustainable aquaculture, p. 113-148. In: R.P. Subasinghe and 7 Co-Eds. Farming the Waters for People and Food. Proceedings of the Global Conference on Aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, and Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia (NACA), Bangkok. 896 pp.

2012. Ferreira, J., L. Ramos, and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Key drivers and issues surrounding carrying capacity and site selection, with emphasis on environmental components. In: L.G. Ross et al. (Eds.) Site selection and carrying capacity for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Proceedings 21. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome, Italy.

2011. Byron, C., J. Link, B.A. Costa-Pierce, D. Bengtson. Calculating ecological carrying capacity of shellfish aquaculture using mass-balance modeling: Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. Ecological Modeling 222: 1743-1755.

2011. Byron, C., D. Bengtson, B.A. Costa-Pierce, and J. Calanni. Integrating science into management: ecological carrying capacity of bivalve shellfish aquaculture. Marine Policy 35: 363-370.

2010Costa-Pierce, B.A. Sustainable ecological aquaculture systems: the need for a new social contract for aquaculture development. Marine Tech. Soc. Jor. 44(3): 1-25.

2008. Costa-Pierce, B.A. An ecosystem approach to marine aquaculture: A global review, p. 81-116. In: Soto, D. et al. (eds). Building An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 14. Rome, Italy. 221p.

2008. Soto, D. and 22 co-authors. Applying an ecosystem-based approach to aquaculture: principles, scales and some management measures, p. 15-36. In: Soto, D. et al. (eds). Building An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 14. Rome, Italy. 221p.

 

Other Scholarly Activity

1998— International Editor for Production Science, Aquaculture (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, Netherlands)

2006— Advisory Council, NOAA/Historically Black Colleges and Universities’ Diversity Initiative (NOAA Living Marine Resources Cooperative Science Center), University of Maryland Eastern Shore

2008-2010: National Academy of Sciences: Member of the Committee on Best Practices for Shellfish Aquaculture and The Effects of Commercial Activities in Drakes Estero, Point Reyes National Seashore, California

2007-2009: FAO of the United Nations. International Member of the Working Group of Experts to Develop an "Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture". FAO, Rome, Italy 

2012: Sea Grant Association President’s Award "for leadership of the Rhode Island Sea Grant College Program and his pioneering work in the fields of fisheries, aquaculture and healthy coastal ecosystems for the Sea Grant network.”

2011: Elected as AAAS Fellow for “distinguished contributions to global aquaculture and its sustainability and for leadership in marine research, education, and outreach as director of two NOAA-Sea Grant college programs.”

Funded Grants

Current

National Science Foundation (NSF) EPSCoR Program: $20,000,000 for "SEANET: The Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture Network". University of Maine and UNE. co-PI: Barry Costa-Pierce

NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service: $245,000 for “Optimum Utilization of Spiny Dogfish, Squalus acanthias, through Industry Partnerships and Product Development and Marketing.” PI: Barry Costa-Pierce.

USDA Northeast Regional Aquaculture Center: $11,000 for “A Workshop to Identify Constraints Towards Developing Commercial Eel Aquaculture Industry” PI: Barry Costa-Pierce.

AAAS: $12,000 for “University of New England K-12 STEM Outreach in Neurosciences and Marine Sciences” co-PI: B. Costa-Pierce

Invited Plenary Presentation

2014. Invited Speaker, “Fisheries-Aquaculture Ecosystems: Global to Local Interactions between Sustainable Fisheries, Aquaculture and Marine Ecosystems”, Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT

2014. Invited Speaker, "Fisheries and Aquaculture: An Artifical Divide", Maine Martime Academy, Castine, Maine.

2013. Keynote Speaker, “Fisheries-aquaculture for the restoration of ocean ecosystems: A review of interactions between sustainable fisheries, marine ecosystems and aquaculture”, Celebrating 40 Years of Global Aquaculture. Elsevier Science, Gran Canaria, Spain

2013. Invited Speaker, “Progress Towards a More Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture”, University of Maine Sustainability Science Program, Margret Chase Smith Policy Center, Orono, Maine

2012: Keynote Speaker, "Open Ocean Aquaculture Development. From Visions to Reality: The Future of Offshore Farming" Offshore Aquaculture Symposium, Alfred Wegener Institute for Marine and Polar Research and IMARE, Bremerhaven, Germany

2011: Invited Speaker, "The Future of Aquaculture", Department of Fisheries & Oceans (DFO) Senior Leadership Retreat, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, December 7-8.

2011: Invited Speaker, The World Seafood Congress, Washington, DC.

2011: Keynote Speaker, International Conference on Marine Resources and Beyond, Institute for Marine Resources Gmbh, Bremerhaven, Germany

2011: Invited Speaker, National Land Grant/Sea Grant Water Conference, USDA and National Sea Grant College Program, Washington, D.C.

2010: Invited Speaker, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations: FAO Expert Workshop on Aquaculture Site Selection and Carrying Capacity Estimates for Inland and Coastal Waterbodies. Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, U.K.

Barry A. Costa-Pierce

,

Ph.D.

Henry L. & Grace Doherty Professor & Chair of Marine Sciences

Director, Marine Science Center, a UNE Center of Excellence

Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Editor, Production Science, Aquaculture (Elsevier)

Biddeford

Marine Science Center

bcostapierce@une.edu

(207) 602-2440

Eligible for Student Opportunities