Costa-Pierce has a 35+ year career in the marine/aquatic sciences. He has worked at 11 U.S. state and private universities and internationally in Asia (Indonesia, Philippines) and Africa (Malaw'i). He has conducted research and scientific consulting in 20+ nations for a wide variety of multilateral and bilateral agencies such ICLARM (The World Fish Center), The World Bank, The Asian Development Bank, GTZ-Germany, and USAID. He was a leader in the UN Food and Agriculture Organization's (FAO) effort to build "An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture” and led a global FAO team review of resource uses in aquaculture presented at the FAO 2012 Global Conference on Aquaculture in Phuket, Thailand. Costa-Pierce has served as an Editor of Aquaculture (Elsevier, Netherlands) for more than 15 years. In 2013 he chaired the International Scientific Committee (ISC) for Elsevier's first aquaculture science conference on "40 Years of Aquaculture" in the Canary Islands, Spain, and in 2015 he served on the Elsevier ISC for their second conference in Montpellier, France. Before joining UNE in 2012 Costa-Pierce spent 14 years as the Director and Professor of Fisheries & Aquaculture of two state Sea Grant Programs: Rhode Island Sea Grant at the University of Rhode Island and the Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium at the University of Southern Mississippi. In 2011 he was elected as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). AAAS stated in its award letter that Costa-Pierce was being honored “for distinguished contributions to global aquaculture and its sustainability and for leadership in marine research, education, and outreach as director of two NOAA-Sea Grant college programs”. In 2012 he received the Sea Grant Association President’s Award “for his leadership of the Rhode Island Sea Grant College Program and for his pioneering work in the fields of fisheries, aquaculture, and healthy coastal ecosystems for the Sea Grant network”. Costa-Pierce has been a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio De Mesquita Filho (Sao Paulo State University) in Brazil and a Distinguished Visiting Professor in Aquaculture at the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, University of California Santa Barbara.
University of Hawai'i
University of Vermont
United Energy Corporation
My current research explores the sustainability science and carrying capacities of aquaculture in relationship to natural ecosystems and coastal societies. I am also supervising graduate research in aquatic food web dynamics, especially in understanding the trophic ecology of detritus in aquatic systems and using this knowledge to develop better siting and innovative engineering of marine aquaculture systems. My passion is to conduct applied research that contributes not only to marine/aquatic science but also contributes to practical problem-solving in marine/freshwater ecology. Thus, my research inquiry and approaches are all transdisciplinary, highly collaborative, and in teams. Such approaches require the development of strategic and project partnerships across the natural and social sciences and engineering fields. I interact closely with those having expertise in the human dimensions of marine/aquatic ecosystems esp. in the governance and planning for new ocean/large lake uses (aquaculture, renewable energy).
Ecological aquaculture: the transdisciplinary science of ocean/aquatic foods (seafoods); Fisheries: the use of underutilized species, esp. spiny dogfish sharks in the Gulf of Maine; Marine ecology: detritus and detrital food webs; Trout/steelhead aquaculture; Carrying capacity of aquaculture ecosystems.
2015. Little, D., D. Gatlin, B.A. Costa-Pierce, G. Hulata, B. Austin, A. Farrell, and J. Benzie. Editors. Special Issue on Research for the Next 40 Years of Sustainable Aquaculture. Aquaculture 431
2015. Filgueira, R. et al. An integrated ecosystem approach for assessing the potential role of cultivated bivalve shells as part of the carbon trading system. 2015. An integrated ecosystem approach for assessing the potential role of cultivated bivalve shells as part of the carbon trading system. Marine Ecology Progress Series 518: 281–287.
2015. Austin, B., J.A.H. Benzie, B.A. Costa-Pierce, A.P. Farrell, D.M. Gatlin, G. Hulata, D.C. Little, A.A. van Dam, W.C. Valenti, W. Zhang et al. Introducing: Aquaculture Reports. Aquaculture A1-A2.
2013. Needles, L., S. Lester, R. Ambrose, A. Andren, M. Beyeler, M. Connor, J. Eckman, B. Costa-Pierce, S. Gaines, K. Lafferty, H. Lenihan, J. Parrish, M. Peterson, A. Scaroni, J. Weis, D. Wendt. Managing bay and estuarine ecosystems for multiple services. Estuaries and Coasts. (DOI) 10.1007/s12237-013-9602-7
2013. Christou, P., R. Savin, B. Costa-Pierce, I. Misztal, and B. Whitelaw. Sustainable Food Production. Springer Reference, N.Y. 1,865 p. in 3 volumes.
2013. Byron, C.J. and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Carrying capacity tools for use in the implementation of an ecosystems approach to aquaculture, p. 87-102. In: L.G., Ross, T.C. Telfer, L. Falconer, D. Soto and J. Aguilar-Manjarrez, Editors. 2013. Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. FAO, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.
2013. Ferreira, J., Ramos, L. & B.A. Costa-Pierce. Key drivers and issues surrounding carrying capacity and site selection, with emphasis on environmental components, p. 47-86. In: L.G., Ross, T.C. Telfer, L. Falconer, D. Soto and J. Aguilar-Manjarrez, Editors. 2013. Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. FAO, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.
2013. Ross, L.G. and 29 co-authors. Carrying capacities and site selection within the Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture, p. 19-46. In: L.G. Ross et al. (eds.) Site selection and carrying capacity for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.
2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. Introduction to ocean farming and sustainable aquaculture science and technology, p. 7263-7267. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.
2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. Ecological aquaculture, p. 533-542. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.
2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. and G.G. Page. Sustainability science in aquaculture, p. 564-581. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.
2012. O’Beirn, F., C. McKindsey, T. Landry, and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Methods of sustainable shellfish aquaculture, p. 9174-9196. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.
2012. Rosenthal, H., B.A. Costa-Pierce, G. Krause, and B.H. Buck. Bremerhaven Declaration on the Future of Global Open Ocean Aquaculture. Part I: Preamble and Recommendations. Part II. Recommendations on Subject Areas and Justifications. AWI, Bremen, Germany.
2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. and 8 co-authors. Responsible use of resources for sustainable aquaculture, p. 113-148. In: R.P. Subasinghe and 7 Co-Eds. Farming the Waters for People and Food. Proceedings of the Global Conference on Aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, and Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia (NACA), Bangkok. 896 pp.
2012. Ferreira, J., L. Ramos, and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Key drivers and issues surrounding carrying capacity and site selection, with emphasis on environmental components. In: L.G. Ross et al. (Eds.) Site selection and carrying capacity for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Proceedings 21. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome, Italy.
2011. Byron, C., J. Link, B.A. Costa-Pierce, D. Bengtson. Calculating ecological carrying capacity of shellfish aquaculture using mass-balance modeling: Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. Ecological Modeling 222: 1743-1755.
2011. Byron, C., D. Bengtson, B.A. Costa-Pierce, and J. Calanni. Integrating science into management: ecological carrying capacity of bivalve shellfish aquaculture. Marine Policy 35: 363-370.
2010. Costa-Pierce, B.A. Sustainable ecological aquaculture systems: the need for a new social contract for aquaculture development. Marine Tech. Soc. Jor. 44(3): 1-25.
2008. Costa-Pierce, B.A. An ecosystem approach to marine aquaculture: A global review, p. 81-116. In: Soto, D. et al. (eds). Building An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 14. Rome, Italy. 221p.
2008. Soto, D. and 22 co-authors. Applying an ecosystem-based approach to aquaculture: principles, scales and some management measures, p. 15-36. In: Soto, D. et al. (eds). Building An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 14. Rome, Italy. 221p.
Other Scholarly Activity
2015: Member, International Scienctific Organizing Committee, "Cutting Edge Science in Aquaculture", Elsevier Science, Le Corum, Monpellier, France, August 23-26, 2015
2013: Chair, International Scientific Organizing Committee, "40 Years of Aquaculture Science", Elsevier Science, Las Plamas, Canary Islands, Spain
2012: Sea Grant Association President’s Award "for leadership of the Rhode Island Sea Grant College Program and his pioneering work in the fields of fisheries, aquaculture and healthy coastal ecosystems for the Sea Grant network.”
2011: Elected as AAAS Fellow for “distinguished contributions to global aquaculture and its sustainability and for leadership in marine research, education, and outreach as director of two NOAA-Sea Grant college programs.”
1998— International Editor for Production Sciences, Aquaculture (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, Netherlands)
National Science Foundation (NSF) EPSCoR Program: $20,000,000 for "SEANET: The Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture Network". University of Maine and UNE. co-PI: Barry Costa-Pierce
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service: $245,000 for “Optimum Utilization of Spiny Dogfish, Squalus acanthias, through Industry Partnerships and Product Development and Marketing.” PI: Barry Costa-Pierce.
Invited Plenary Presentation
2015: Invited Speaker, "Ecological Aquaculture as a Vital, New, Applied Pracademic of Global Scholarship", 100th Anniversary Conference of the Ecological Society of America, Baltimore, MD
2015: Invited Speaker, "Ecological Aquaculture is the Only Way to Save the World's Last and Most Spectacular Terrestrial Ecosystems from Complete Destruction by Agriculture", Cutting Edge Science in Aquaculture, Le Corum, Montpellier, France
2015: Invited Speaker, “Ocean Food Ecosystems”, Harvard Food Law Society and Food Literacy Project, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA
2014. Invited Speaker, “Fisheries-Aquaculture Ecosystems: Global to Local Interactions between Sustainable Fisheries, Aquaculture and Marine Ecosystems”, Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT
2014. Invited Speaker, "Fisheries and Aquaculture: An Artifical Divide", Maine Martime Academy, Castine, Maine.
2013. Keynote Speaker, “Fisheries-aquaculture for the restoration of ocean ecosystems: A review of interactions between sustainable fisheries, marine ecosystems and aquaculture”, Celebrating 40 Years of Global Aquaculture. Elsevier Science, Gran Canaria, Spain
2013. Invited Speaker, “Progress Towards a More Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture”, University of Maine Sustainability Science Program, Margret Chase Smith Policy Center, Orono, Maine
2012: Keynote Speaker, "Open Ocean Aquaculture Development. From Visions to Reality: The Future of Offshore Farming" Offshore Aquaculture Symposium, Alfred Wegener Institute for Marine and Polar Research and IMARE, Bremerhaven, Germany
2011: Invited Speaker, "The Future of Aquaculture", Department of Fisheries & Oceans (DFO) Senior Leadership Retreat, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, December 7-8.
2011: Invited Speaker, The World Seafood Congress, Washington, DC.
2011: Keynote Speaker, International Conference on Marine Resources and Beyond, Institute for Marine Resources Gmbh, Bremerhaven, Germany
2011: Invited Speaker, National Land Grant/Sea Grant Water Conference, USDA and National Sea Grant College Program, Washington, D.C.
2010: Invited Speaker, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations: FAO Expert Workshop on Aquaculture Site Selection and Carrying Capacity Estimates for Inland and Coastal Waterbodies. Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, U.K.