Costa-Pierce has a 40-year career in the marine/freshwater sciences. His broad research interest is in "ocean foods ecosystems": How local seafood systems throughout the world interact with marine ecosystems, fisheries, aquaculture, and peoples. He has worked at 11 American state and private universities from Hawaii to Maine, and internationally in SE Asia and Subsaharan Africa for multilateral and bilateral agencies such ICLARM (The World Fish Center), The World Bank, The Asian Development Bank, GTZ-Germany, and the USAID. He is a pioneer of the field of "Ecological Aquaculture", and was a team member that built FAO's "Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture" amd also led an FAO team on "Resources Uses in Aquaculture" that presented at the 2012 Global Conference on Aquaculture in Thailand. Costa-Pierce has served on the Editorial Board of Aquaculture (Elsevier, Netherlands) for over 15 years. In 2016 he was appointed as the first Aquaculture Editor-In-Chief. Before joining UNE, Costa-Pierce spent 14 years as Director and Professor of Fisheries & Aquaculture for two state NOAA Sea Grant Programs: Rhode Island Sea Grant at URI (2001-12); and the Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium (1998-2001) at the University of Southern Mississippi's Gulf Coast Research Lab.
University of Hawai'i
University of Vermont
United Energy Corporation
My research explores the field of ecological aquaculture and the FAO ecosystems approach to aquaculture, especially as these relate to Maine. I consider Maine as our living laboratory for our research, especially so as I am a co-PI on the $20 mil, 5-year NSF EPSCoR UMaine/UNE SEANET program. I am interested in aquatic farming ecosystems and sustainability science as they relate to aquaculture development, and especially the "new" rubric of "social-ecologcal systems" applied to fisheries and aquaculture seafood ecosystems. I am interested in understanding the trophic ecology of detritus in marine/aquatic systems and using this knowledge to develop better siting and innovative engineering of marine/aquatic aquaculture systems. I consider fisheries and aquaculture sciences to be inseparable "pracademics", where applied issues and problems of aquatic places and peoples lead to research outcomes that contribute not only to the advancement of the aquatic sciences but also to practical problem-solving. Therefore, my research inquiries and approaches are all transdisciplinary, highly collaborative, are done in teams, and require the development of partnerships across the natural and social sciences and engineering fields. I also interact closely with professionals having expertise in the human dimensions of marine/aquatic ecosystems especially those with expertise in marine planning, governance, and evaluation of new ocean/large lake uses (aquaculture, renewable energy, etc.).
Ecological aquaculture: the transdisciplinary science of ocean/aquatic foods (seafoods) and aquaculture social-ecological ecosystems; Fisheries: the use of underutilized species, esp. spiny dogfish sharks; Marine ecology: roles of detritus in marine food webs.
2016. St. Gelais, A.T. and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Mercury concentrations in Northwest Atlantic winter-caught, male spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias): A geographic mercury comparison and risk-reward framework for human consumption. Marine Pollution Bulletin 102: 199-205.
2015. Filgueira, R. & 16 co-authors. An integrated ecosystem approach for assessing the potential role of cultivated bivalve shells as part of the carbon trading system. Marine Ecology Progress Series 518: 281–287.
2015. Austin, B., J.A.H. Benzie, B.A. Costa-Pierce, A.P. Farrell, D.M. Gatlin, G. Hulata, D.C. Little, A.A. van Dam, W.C. Valenti, W. Zhang et al. Introducing: Aquaculture Reports. Aquaculture A1-A2.
2015. Needles, L., S. Lester, R. Ambrose, A. Andren, M. Beyeler, M. Connor, J. Eckman, B. Costa-Pierce, S. Gaines, K. Lafferty, H. Lenihan, J. Parrish, M. Peterson, A. Scaroni, J. Weis, D. Wendt. Managing bay and estuarine ecosystems for multiple services. Estuaries and Coasts 38 (Supplement 1): 35-48.
2013. Christou, P., R. Savin, B.A. Costa-Pierce, I. Misztal, and B. Whitelaw. Sustainable Food Production. Springer Reference, N.Y. 1,865 p. in 3 volumes.
2013. Byron, C.J. and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Carrying capacity tools for use in the implementation of an ecosystems approach to aquaculture, p. 87-102. In: L.G., Ross, T.C. Telfer, L. Falconer, D. Soto and J. Aguilar-Manjarrez, Editors. Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. FAO, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.
2013. Ferreira, J., Ramos, L. & B.A. Costa-Pierce. Key drivers and issues surrounding carrying capacity and site selection, with emphasis on environmental components, p. 47-86. In: L.G., Ross, T.C. Telfer, L. Falconer, D. Soto and J. Aguilar-Manjarrez, Editors. Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. FAO, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.
2013. Ross, L.G. and 29 co-authors. Carrying capacities and site selection within the Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture, p. 19-46. In: L.G. Ross et al. (eds.) Site selection and carrying capacity for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.
2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. Ecological aquaculture, p. 533-542. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.
2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. and G.G. Page. Sustainability science in aquaculture, p. 564-581. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.
2012. O’Beirn, F., C. McKindsey, T. Landry, and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Methods of sustainable shellfish aquaculture, p. 9174-9196. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.
2012. Rosenthal, H., B.A. Costa-Pierce, G. Krause, and B.H. Buck. Bremerhaven Declaration on the Future of Global Open Ocean Aquaculture. Part I: Preamble and Recommendations. Part II. Recommendations on Subject Areas and Justifications. AWI, Bremen, Germany.
2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. & 8 co-authors. Responsible use of resources for sustainable aquaculture, p. 113-148. In: R.P. Subasinghe & 7 Co-Eds. Farming the Waters for People and Food. Proceedings of the Global Conference on Aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, and Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia (NACA), Bangkok. 896 pp.
2012. Ferreira, J., L. Ramos, and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Key drivers and issues surrounding carrying capacity and site selection, with emphasis on environmental components. In: L.G. Ross et al. (Eds.) Site selection and carrying capacity for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Proceedings 21. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome, Italy.
2011. Byron, C., J. Link, B.A. Costa-Pierce, D. Bengtson. Calculating ecological carrying capacity of shellfish aquaculture using mass-balance modeling: Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. Ecological Modeling 222: 1743-1755.
2011. Byron, C., D. Bengtson, B.A. Costa-Pierce, and J. Calanni. Integrating science into management: ecological carrying capacity of bivalve shellfish aquaculture. Marine Policy 35: 363-370.
2010. Costa-Pierce, B.A. Sustainable ecological aquaculture systems: the need for a new social contract for aquaculture development. Marine Tech. Soc. Jor. 44(3): 1-25.
2008. Costa-Pierce, B.A. An ecosystem approach to marine aquaculture: A global review, p. 81-116. In: Soto, D. et al. (eds). Building An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 14. Rome, Italy. 221p.
2008. Soto, D. and 22 co-authors. Applying an ecosystem-based approach to aquaculture: principles, scales and some management measures, p. 15-36. In: Soto, D. et al. (eds). Building An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 14. Rome, Italy. 221p.
Other Scholarly Activity
2016-2018: Editor-in-Chief, Aquaculture, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2015: Member, International Scientific Organizing Committee, "Cutting Edge Science in Aquaculture", Elsevier Science, Le Corum, Monpellier, France, August 23-26, 2015
2013: Chair, International Scientific Organizing Committee, "40 Years of Aquaculture Science", Elsevier Science, Las Plamas, Canary Islands, Spain
2012: Sea Grant Association President’s Award "for leadership of the Rhode Island Sea Grant College Program and his pioneering work in the fields of fisheries, aquaculture and healthy coastal ecosystems for the Sea Grant network.”
2011: Elected as AAAS Fellow for “distinguished contributions to global aquaculture and its sustainability and for leadership in marine research, education, and outreach as director of two NOAA-Sea Grant college programs.”
1998— International Editor for Production Sciences, Aquaculture (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, Netherlands)
National Science Foundation (NSF) EPSCoR Program: $20,000,000 for "SEANET: The Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture Network". University of Maine and UNE. co-PI: Barry A. Costa-Pierce
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service: $245,000 for “Optimum Utilization of Spiny Dogfish, Squalus acanthias, through Industry Partnerships and Product Development and Marketing.” PI: Barry A. Costa-Pierce.
Invited Plenary Presentation
2015: Invited Speaker, "Ecological Aquaculture as a Vital, New, Applied Pracademic of Global Scholarship", 100th Anniversary Conference of the Ecological Society of America, Baltimore, MD
2015: Invited Speaker, "Ecological Aquaculture is the Only Way to Save the World's Last and Most Spectacular Terrestrial Ecosystems from Complete Destruction by Agriculture", Cutting Edge Science in Aquaculture, Le Corum, Montpellier, France
2015: Invited Speaker, “Ocean Food Ecosystems”, Harvard Food Law Society and Food Literacy Project, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA
2014. Invited Speaker, “Fisheries-Aquaculture Ecosystems: Global to Local Interactions between Sustainable Fisheries, Aquaculture and Marine Ecosystems”, Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT
2014. Invited Speaker, "Fisheries and Aquaculture: An Artifical Divide", Maine Martime Academy, Castine, Maine.
2013. Keynote Speaker, “Fisheries-aquaculture for the restoration of ocean ecosystems: A review of interactions between sustainable fisheries, marine ecosystems and aquaculture”, Celebrating 40 Years of Global Aquaculture. Elsevier Science, Gran Canaria, Spain
2013. Invited Speaker, “Progress Towards a More Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture”, University of Maine Sustainability Science Program, Margret Chase Smith Policy Center, Orono, Maine
2012: Keynote Speaker, "Open Ocean Aquaculture Development. From Visions to Reality: The Future of Offshore Farming" Offshore Aquaculture Symposium, Alfred Wegener Institute for Marine and Polar Research and IMARE, Bremerhaven, Germany
2011: Invited Speaker, "The Future of Aquaculture", Department of Fisheries & Oceans (DFO) Senior Leadership Retreat, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, December 7-8.
2011: Invited Speaker, The World Seafood Congress, Washington, DC.
2011: Keynote Speaker, International Conference on Marine Resources and Beyond, Institute for Marine Resources Gmbh, Bremerhaven, Germany
2011: Invited Speaker, National Land Grant/Sea Grant Water Conference, USDA and National Sea Grant College Program, Washington, D.C.
2010: Invited Speaker, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations: FAO Expert Workshop on Aquaculture Site Selection and Carrying Capacity Estimates for Inland and Coastal Waterbodies. Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, U.K.