Barry A. Costa-Pierce

Costa-Pierce has a 40-year career in the marine/aquatic sciences. He has worked at 11 American state and private universities and organizations in SE Asia and Subsaharan Africa. He has conducted international research and scientific consulting for multilateral and bilateral agencies such ICLARM (The World Fish Center), The World Bank, The Asian Development Bank, GTZ-Germany, and the USAID. He is a pioneer of the field of "Ecological Aquaculture" and was a member of a team that built FAO's "Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture". He was FAO team leader for the international review on "Resources Uses in Aquaculture" presented at the 2012 Global Conference on Aquaculture in Thailand. Costa-Pierce has served on the Editorial Board of Aquaculture (Elsevier, Netherlands) for over 15 years; in 2016 he was appointed as its first Editor-In-Chief.  Costa-Pierce chaired the International Scientific Committee (ISC) for Elsevier's first ever aquaculture science conference on "40 Years of Aquaculture" in the Canary Islands, Spain, and served on Elsevier's ISC for their 2nd conference in Montpellier, France. Before joining UNE Costa-Pierce spent 14 years as Director and Professor of Fisheries & Aquaculture for two state NOAA Sea Grant Programs: Rhode Island Sea Grant at URI (2001-12), and the Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium (1998-2001) at the University of Southern Mississippi's Gulf Coast Research Lab.

Education

Ph.D., Oceanography

University of Hawai'i

1984

M.S., Zoology

University of Vermont

1980

B.A., Zoology

Drew University

1976

Post-Doctoral Training

United Energy Corporation

Foster City

California

Expertise

Ecological aquaculture

marine ecology

Research

Current Research

My research explores the field of ecological aquaculture and the FAO ecosystems approach to aquaculture, especially as these relate to Maine. I consider Maine as our living laboratory for our research, especially so as I am a co-PI on the $20 mil, 5-year NSF EPSCoR UMaine/UNE SEANET program. I am interested in aquatic farming ecosystems and sustainability science as they relate to aquaculture development, and especially the "new" rubric of "social-ecologcal systems" applied to fisheries and aquaculture seafood ecosystems. I am interested in understanding the trophic ecology of detritus in marine/aquatic systems and using this knowledge to develop better siting and innovative engineering of marine/aquatic aquaculture systems. I consider fisheries and aquaculture sciences to be inseparable "pracademics", where applied issues and problems of aquatic places and peoples lead to research outcomes that contribute not only to the advancement of the aquatic sciences but also to practical problem-solving. Therefore, my research inquiries and approaches are all transdisciplinary, highly collaborative, are done in teams, and require the development of partnerships across the natural and social sciences and engineering fields. I also interact closely with professionals having expertise in the human dimensions of marine/aquatic ecosystems especially those with expertise in marine planning, governance, and evaluation of new ocean/large lake uses (aquaculture, renewable energy, etc.).

Research Interests

Ecological aquaculture: the transdisciplinary science of ocean/aquatic foods (seafoods) and aquaculture social-ecological ecosystems; Fisheries: the use of underutilized species, esp. spiny dogfish sharks; Marine ecology: roles of detritus in marine food webs.

Selected Publications

2016. St. Gelais, A.T. and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Mercury concentrations in Northwest Atlantic winter-caught, male spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias): A geographic mercury comparison and risk-reward framework for human consumption. Marine Pollution Bulletin 102: 199-205.

2015. Little, D., D. Gatlin, B.A. Costa-Pierce, G. Hulata, B. Austin, A. Farrell, and J. Benzie, Editors. Special Issue on "Research for the Next 40 Years of Sustainable Aquaculture". Aquaculture 431

2015. Filgueira, R. & 16 co-authors. An integrated ecosystem approach for assessing the potential role of cultivated bivalve shells as part of the carbon trading system. Marine Ecology Progress Series 518: 281–287.

2015. Austin, B.,  J.A.H. Benzie, B.A. Costa-Pierce, A.P. Farrell, D.M. Gatlin, G. Hulata, D.C. Little, A.A. van Dam, W.C. Valenti, W. Zhang et al. Introducing: Aquaculture Reports. Aquaculture A1-A2.

2015. Needles, L., S. Lester, R. Ambrose, A. Andren, M. Beyeler, M. Connor, J. Eckman, B. Costa-Pierce, S. Gaines, K. Lafferty, H. Lenihan, J. Parrish, M. Peterson, A. Scaroni, J. Weis, D. Wendt. Managing bay and estuarine ecosystems for multiple services. Estuaries and Coasts 38 (Supplement 1): 35-48.

2013. Christou, P., R. Savin, B.A. Costa-Pierce, I. Misztal, and B. Whitelaw. Sustainable Food Production. Springer Reference, N.Y. 1,865 p. in 3 volumes.

2013. Byron, C.J. and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Carrying capacity tools for use in the implementation of an ecosystems approach to aquaculture, p. 87-102. In: L.G., Ross, T.C. Telfer, L. Falconer, D. Soto and J. Aguilar-Manjarrez, Editors. Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. FAO, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.

2013. Ferreira, J., Ramos, L. & B.A. Costa-Pierce. Key drivers and issues surrounding carrying capacity and site selection, with emphasis on environmental components, p. 47-86. In: L.G., Ross, T.C. Telfer, L. Falconer, D. Soto and J. Aguilar-Manjarrez, Editors. Site selection and carrying capacities for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. FAO, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.

2013. Ross, L.G. and 29 co-authors. Carrying capacities and site selection within the Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture, p. 19-46. In: L.G. Ross et al. (eds.) Site selection and carrying capacity for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 21. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy. 281 pp.

2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. Ecological aquaculture, p. 533-542. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.

2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. and G.G. Page. Sustainability science in aquaculture, p. 564-581. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.

2012. O’Beirn, F., C. McKindsey, T. Landry, and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Methods of sustainable shellfish aquaculture, p. 9174-9196. In: Meyers, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer Reference, N.Y.

2012. Rosenthal, H., B.A. Costa-Pierce, G. Krause, and B.H. Buck. Bremerhaven Declaration on the Future of Global Open Ocean Aquaculture. Part I: Preamble and Recommendations. Part II. Recommendations on Subject Areas and Justifications. AWI, Bremen, Germany.

2012. Costa-Pierce, B.A. & 8 co-authors. Responsible use of resources for sustainable aquaculture, p. 113-148. In: R.P. Subasinghe & 7 Co-Eds. Farming the Waters for People and Food. Proceedings of the Global Conference on Aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, and Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia (NACA), Bangkok. 896 pp.

2012. Ferreira, J., L. Ramos, and B.A. Costa-Pierce. Key drivers and issues surrounding carrying capacity and site selection, with emphasis on environmental components. In: L.G. Ross et al. (Eds.) Site selection and carrying capacity for inland and coastal aquaculture. FAO Proceedings 21. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome, Italy.

2011. Byron, C., J. Link, B.A. Costa-Pierce, D. Bengtson. Calculating ecological carrying capacity of shellfish aquaculture using mass-balance modeling: Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island. Ecological Modeling 222: 1743-1755.

2011. Byron, C., D. Bengtson, B.A. Costa-Pierce, and J. Calanni. Integrating science into management: ecological carrying capacity of bivalve shellfish aquaculture. Marine Policy 35: 363-370.

2010. Costa-Pierce, B.A. Sustainable ecological aquaculture systems: the need for a new social contract for aquaculture development. Marine Tech. Soc. Jor. 44(3): 1-25.

2008. Costa-Pierce, B.A. An ecosystem approach to marine aquaculture: A global review, p. 81-116. In: Soto, D. et al. (eds). Building An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 14. Rome, Italy. 221p.

2008. Soto, D. and 22 co-authors. Applying an ecosystem-based approach to aquaculture: principles, scales and some management measures, p. 15-36. In: Soto, D. et al. (eds). Building An Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings 14. Rome, Italy. 221p.

Other Scholarly Activity

2016-2018: Editor-in-Chief, Aquaculture, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

2015: Member, International Scientific Organizing Committee, "Cutting Edge Science in Aquaculture", Elsevier Science, Le Corum, Monpellier, France, August 23-26, 2015

2013: Chair, International Scientific Organizing Committee, "40 Years of Aquaculture Science", Elsevier Science, Las Plamas, Canary Islands, Spain

2012: Sea Grant Association President’s Award "for leadership of the Rhode Island Sea Grant College Program and his pioneering work in the fields of fisheries, aquaculture and healthy coastal ecosystems for the Sea Grant network.”

2011: Elected as AAAS Fellow for “distinguished contributions to global aquaculture and its sustainability and for leadership in marine research, education, and outreach as director of two NOAA-Sea Grant college programs.”

1998— International Editor for Production Sciences, Aquaculture (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, Netherlands)

Funded Grants

Current

National Science Foundation (NSF) EPSCoR Program: $20,000,000 for "SEANET: The Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture Network". University of Maine and UNE. co-PI: Barry A. Costa-Pierce

NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service: $245,000 for “Optimum Utilization of Spiny Dogfish, Squalus acanthias, through Industry Partnerships and Product Development and Marketing.” PI: Barry A. Costa-Pierce.

Invited Plenary Presentation

2015: Invited Speaker, "Ecological Aquaculture as a Vital, New, Applied Pracademic of Global Scholarship", 100th Anniversary Conference of the Ecological Society of America, Baltimore, MD

2015: Invited Speaker, "Ecological Aquaculture is the Only Way to Save the World's Last and Most Spectacular Terrestrial Ecosystems from Complete Destruction by Agriculture", Cutting Edge Science in Aquaculture, Le Corum, Montpellier, France

2015:  Invited Speaker, “Ocean Food Ecosystems”, Harvard Food Law Society and Food Literacy Project, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA

2014. Invited Speaker, “Fisheries-Aquaculture Ecosystems: Global to Local Interactions between Sustainable Fisheries, Aquaculture and Marine Ecosystems”, Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT

2014. Invited Speaker, "Fisheries and Aquaculture: An Artifical Divide", Maine Martime Academy, Castine, Maine.

2013. Keynote Speaker, “Fisheries-aquaculture for the restoration of ocean ecosystems: A review of interactions between sustainable fisheries, marine ecosystems and aquaculture”, Celebrating 40 Years of Global Aquaculture. Elsevier Science, Gran Canaria, Spain

2013. Invited Speaker, “Progress Towards a More Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture”, University of Maine Sustainability Science Program, Margret Chase Smith Policy Center, Orono, Maine

2012: Keynote Speaker, "Open Ocean Aquaculture Development. From Visions to Reality: The Future of Offshore Farming" Offshore Aquaculture Symposium, Alfred Wegener Institute for Marine and Polar Research and IMARE, Bremerhaven, Germany

2011: Invited Speaker, "The Future of Aquaculture", Department of Fisheries & Oceans (DFO) Senior Leadership Retreat, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, December 7-8.

2011: Invited Speaker, The World Seafood Congress, Washington, DC.

2011: Keynote Speaker, International Conference on Marine Resources and Beyond, Institute for Marine Resources Gmbh, Bremerhaven, Germany

2011: Invited Speaker, National Land Grant/Sea Grant Water Conference, USDA and National Sea Grant College Program, Washington, D.C.

2010: Invited Speaker, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations: FAO Expert Workshop on Aquaculture Site Selection and Carrying Capacity Estimates for Inland and Coastal Waterbodies. Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, U.K.

Research Topics

Professor B.A. Costa-Pierce, University of New England, Maine

Barry A. Costa-Pierce

,

Ph.D., Oceanography

Henry L. & Grace Doherty Professor of Marine Sciences

Director, Marine Science Center, a UNE Center of Excellence

Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Editor-in-Chief, Aquaculture (Elsevier)

Biddeford

Marine Science Center

bcostapierce@une.edu

(207) 602-2440

On Campus

Eligible for Student Opportunities