University of Delaware
cartilaginous fishes (sharks
skates and rays).
Anatomy of the pelvic fin of skates including muscle fiber typing; the immune system of skates; development of the electric organ of skates.
Functional morphology of vertebrates with emphasis on the anatomy and development of the electric organs of skates; pelvic fin locomotion in skates
"Anatomy and Motor Pathways of the Electric Organ of Skates," The Anatomical Record 273A:648-662 (2003). "Punting: An Unusual Mode of Locomotion in the Little Skate Leucoraja erinacea (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae),"Copeia 2003(3):553-561.