Susan Gray

Susan S. Gray, Ed.D. in Mathematics Education

Emeritus Professor


Susan Gray received an undergraduate degree from Pennsylvania State University, the MAT degree from the University of Pittsburgh, and a doctorate in Mathematics Education from Boston University.  She taught mathematics at UNE and conducted research on issues related to mathematics teaching and learning for over twenty years.  She was Chair of the Department of Mathematical Sciences prior to assuming the role of Associate Dean in the College of Arts and Sciences. Her responsibilities as Associate Dean included curriculum, assessment, program development and program evaluation.  She also enjoyed faculty mentoring and working with students on their applied mathematics education research. 



Current research

Making comparisons among algebra, statistics, and calculus students' success with and ways of using and interpreting symbolic representations of quantitative relationships described in words; documenting and examining relationships between success with symbolic representation and course grades; identifying and classifying types of symbolic representation errors.

Selected publications

Gray, S.S., Loud, B.J., & Sokolowski, C.P. (2009).  Calculus Students' Use and Interpretation of Algebraic Variables: Algebraic vs. Arithmetic Thinking.  Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education, 9(2), pp. 59-72.

Gray, S.S., & Moskovitz, C. (2007). Some insights about students' interpretations of histograms. Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics, 29(1), 13-27;

Gray, S.S., Loud, B.J., & Sokolowski, C.P. (2005). Undergraduates' errors in using and interpreting algebraic variables: A comparative study. In G.M. Lloyd, M.R. WIlson, J.L. WIlkins, & S.L. Behm (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Annual Meeting of the North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education [CD-ROM]. Eugene, OR: All Academic; 

Gray, S.S., Loud, B.J., & Sokolowski, C.P. (2005, January). Undergraduates uses of variables and success in entry level mathematics courses. Abstracts of Papers Presented to the American Mathematical Society (p. 284). Atlanta, GA.

Other scholarly activity

Gray, S.S., Loud, B.J., & Sokolowski, C.P. (2007, February). College Students' Difficulties in Using Variables as Changing Quantities. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Research on Undergraduate Mathematics Education Special Interest Group

Research interests

College students' interpretations of algebraic variables and statistical graphs.