Nora Archibald Smith Papers, 1878-2009

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Volume: 2 linear feet
Organization/Arrangement: Organized as a single series. The folders maintain the original order created by Nora Archibald Smith.  The materials were initially organized in packets, titled by Smith.  These titles were maintained as folder titles and the materials within each packet were sorted by type (correspondence, manuscripts, newspaper clippings, etc.) when suitable.

Biographical Note: Nora Archibald Smith (1859-1934) was an early childhood educator, school administrator and writer.  She was the sister of Kate Douglas Wiggin, known best for her novel Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm.  Both girls were born in Philadelphia to Robert Noah Smith and Helen Elizabeth (Dyer) Smith.  Their father died shortly after Nora’s birth and their mother then moved the family to Portland, Maine.  She soon remarried and the family moved into Nora and Kate’s stepfather’s (Dr. Albion Bradbury) house in Hollis, Maine.  It was in the farmhouse called “Quillcote” that both Nora and Kate grew up, and to which they would later retire.  

In 1873, while Kate attended finishing school in Andover, Massachusetts, Dr. Bradbury moved the family to California.  Nora Archibald Smith graduated from Santa Barbara College, which she referred to as "an impermanent institution which never before had conferred similar honors (and never did again)" (Smith, 1925).  Smith taught in the public schools of Mexico for one year, and Tucson, Arizona for two while her sister opened the first free kindergarten west of the Rocky Mountains on Silver Street in San Francisco, California.  In 1880 they founded the California Kindergarten Training School together.  Nora Archibald Smith then went on to become the superintendent of the free kindergarten on Silver Street and, later, to take over the running of the California Kindergarten Training School in 1889.  

Smith was president of the California Froebel Society, an executive member of the committee of the International Kindergarten Association, and the vice-president (1891-1892) of the kindergarten department of the National Education Association (Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1899).  Nora Archibald Smith collaborated with her sister to write or edit fifteen books.  Smith also authored many serial stories and academic journal articles (Kate Douglas Smith Wiggin, 1996).

Description: The Nora Archibald Smith papers document Smith's life as an author and school administrator.  The collection includes scrapbooks of her writings in publications such as Kindergarten Review, The Outlook, Primary School Popular Educator and New England Magazine.  The collection contains correspondence to Kate Douglas Wiggin collected by Smith while writing her biography of Wiggin; correspondence with her publisher, Houghton, Mifflin and Company; and Smith's private correspondence.  This collection also includes many newspaper clippings that inspired Smith's stories.  Photographic portraits of Kate Douglas Wiggin and Nora Archibald Smith and their friends are also included. 

Access Restrictions: None

Please cite as: Nora Archibald Smith Papers, Maine Women Writers Collection, University of New England, Portland, Maine

Container List:

001.  Kindergarten Papers Correspondence and Manuscript (1 of 2), 1880-1915
002.  Kindergarten Papers (2 of 2) Published Material, 1894-1912
003.  Kindergarten Related booklets and clippings, 1878,1891                    
004.  Kindergarten Related clippings, correspondence, 1924-1933
005.  "The Old Peabody Pew" publicity, 1916               
005a.  Flyer for "Bee of Cactus Country", undated          
006.  Notes for Stories (news clippings) (1 of 2), 1915   
007.  Notes for Stories (Handwritten) (2 of 2), undated   
008.  Circumstance: Notes for Shaker story, 1903, undated 
009.  Stories (1 of 4), 1906-1916   
010.  Stories (2 of 4), 1899-1931   
011.  Stories (3 of 4), 1901-1921   
012.  Stories (4 of 4), 1871-1896   
013.  Poetry etc. to read aloud (1 of 3) Clippings, undated                     
014.  Poetry etc. to read aloud (2 of 3) correspondence, 1893-1920
015.  Poetry etc. to read aloud (3 of 3), 1913-1929       
016.  Unpublished Poems (1 of 2), undated                 
017.  Unpublished Poems (2 of 2), undated                 
018.  Kate Wiggin Autobiography material (1 of 4) pamphlets and other, 1893-1920
019.  Kate Wiggin Autobiography material (2 of 4) Manuscript and typescript, 1895-1924                
020.  Kate Wiggin Autobiography material (3 of 4) Correspondence, 1884-1890     
021.  Kate Wiggin Autobiography material (4 of 4) News clippings, 1891-1893     
022.  Correspondence to N.A.S from "Kate Wiggin Autobiography" packet, 1878-1833
023.  Letters to K.D.W. (1 of 2) Reproduced in "Kate Douglas Wiggin as her sister knew her", 1889-1913
024.  Letters to K.D.W. (2 of 2) Reproduced in "Kate Douglas Wiggin as her sister knew her", 1889-1913
025.  Typed letters about Mother, 1921                    
026.  Correspondence and Address book, 1881-1889          
027.  Rhymes, Poetry and related Correspondence, 1926-1931
028.  Clippings and Correspondence, 1886-1937             
029.  Correspondence, 1889-1933     
030.  Wednesday Afternoon Club: "The Music of the Century" by Mrs. George C. Riggs, 1900              
031.  Lecture No. II Fairy Bread, undated                 
032.  "This I saw and knew" manuscript (1 of 3), 1933     
033.  "This I saw and knew" typescript (2 of 3), 1933     
034.  "This I saw and knew" correspondence (3 of 3), 1904-1940                  
035.  "Verse Speaking" manuscripts and publisher correspondence, 1896-1933      
036.  "The Art of Storytelling" manuscript chapter 1, undated                   
037.  "The Minstrel of Childhood how to be one" by Nora Archibald Smith typescript chapter 1, undated 
038.  "The Minstrel of Childhood how to be one" by Nora Archibald Smith typescript chapter 2, undated 
039.  "The Minstrel of Childhood how to be one" by Nora Archibald Smith typescript chapter 3, undated 
040.  "The Minstrel of Childhood how to be one" by Nora Archibald Smith typescript chapter 4, undated 
041.  "The Minstrel of Childhood how to be one" by Nora Archibald Smith typescript chapter 5, undated 
042.  "The Minstrel of Childhood how to be one" by Nora Archibald Smith typescript chapter 6, undated 
043.  "The Minstrel of Childhood how to be one" by Nora Archibald Smith typescript chapter 7, undated 
044.  News clippings about Nora Archibald Smith and Kate Douglas Wiggin, 1910-1922                    
045.  News clippings about Nora Archibald Smith and Kate Douglas Wiggin, 1913-1916                    
046.  San Francisco Chronicle "Centenary" Celebration, 1889                     
047.  Artist book "Only Once" by Nora Archibald Smith, undated                  
048.  "Myths and Legends" scrapbook, 1905                 
049.  Photographs (1 of 3), 1901-1924                     
050.  Photographs (2 of 3), 1898-1915                     
051.  Photographs (3 of 3), 1896-2009                     
052.  Dis-bound scrapbook (1 of 6), 1893-1931             
053.  Dis-bound scrapbook (2 of 6), 1878-1924             
054.  Dis-bound scrapbook (3 of 6), 1889-1924             
055.  Dis-bound scrapbook (4 of 6), 1898-1923             
056.  Dis-bound scrapbook (5 of 6), 1900-1921             
057.  Dis-bound scrapbook (6 of 6), 1895-1928             
058.  Handwritten Poems (1 of 3), undated                 
059.  Handwritten Poems (2 of 3), 1903-1908               
060.  Handwritten Poems (3 of 3), undated                 
060a.  "The Vane of Other Days"     
061.  "Going Abroad in 1890" and "The Spirit of Christmas" by Kate Douglas Wiggin, 1915, 1930         
062.  Obituary, 1934