Generally, the student team should conduct a medication review. If a pharmacy student is part of the team, he/she can lead the review, though all students should participate, with the goal of learning from, with and about each other. The activity can be a medication therapy management session, if an appropriately trained preceptor is available. The team will follow the factors found in Standard 4 Element C, Medication Management.
The student team:
- Reviews, reconciles and documents all medications the patient is taking, including resolving all medication conflicts (Factors 1 and 2)
- Provides patients/families/caregivers with information about a new medication, including potential side effects, drug interactions, instructions for taking the medication and the consequences of not taking it (Factor 3)
- Assesses how well patients understand the information about medications they are taking, and considers a patient’s health literacy (Factor 4 as well as Standard 3 Element C, Factor 10
- Asks patients about a problem or difficulty taking a medication; whether they are experiencing side effects; and whether the medication is being taken as prescribed. If a patient is not taking a medication as prescribed, the team determines why (Factor 5)
- Reviews and documents in the medical record any nonprescription medications, such as over-the-counter (OTC) medications, herbal therapies and supplements that the patient is taking, with the overall goals of preventing interference with prescribed medication and evaluating potential side effects. (Factor 6).