Carrie J Byron

Carrie J. Byron, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor


Marine Science Center 219
Biddeford Campus
On campus

My research is grounded in marine ecology and integrates and interdisciplinary approach. Research disciplines include aquaculture, fisheries and coastal management. Previous projects have been based in freshwater, estuarine and marine habitats including temperate lakes, Atlantic rocky shorelines, temperate barrier-beach lagoons, tropical coral reefs and Pacific glacial fjords. I enjoy working on projects that look at biotic and abiotic dynamics and interactions as they apply to conservation and/or social development issues. My current research focuses on sustainable ecological aquaculture and food web dynamics in Maine's coastal waters.



University of Wisconsin-Madison
University of Massachusetts-Boston
University of Rhode Island

Board Certifications and Licenses

SCUBA Rescue Diver

Post-Doctoral Training

Post-Doctoral Training, Ecosystem Modeling
Gulf of Maine Research Institute (Portland, Maine)


Current research

  • Ecological and social carrying capacity for aquaculture
  • Modeling food web dynamics
  • Detrital contribution to bivalve shellfish nutrition and estuarine food webs
  • Use of stable isotopes and lipids to characterize food web interactions

Selected publications

Byron, C.J. and Costa-Pierce, B.A. 2013. Carrying capacity tools for use in the implementation of an ecosystems approach to aquaculture. In L.G. Ross, T.C. Telfer, L. Falconer, D. Soto, & J. Aguilar-Manjarrez eds. Site selection and carrying capacity for inland and coastal aquaculture. FA0/Institute of Aquaculture, University of Sterling, Expert Workshop, 6-8 December 2010. Stirling, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings No. 21. Rome, FAO. 46 pp. 

Byron, C.J., Burke, B. 2014. Salmon ocean migration models suggest a variety of population-specific strategies. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. 24(3):737-756. 


     Byron, C.J. 2014. Aquaculture. Encyclopedia of Natural Resources. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY.

Byron, C.J., Pershing, A., Stockwell, J., Xue, H., Kocik, J. 2014. Migration model of post-smolt Atlantic salmon: growth and survival in the Gulf of Maine. Fisheries Oceanography. 23(2):172-189

Byron, C.J., Tennenhouse, C. 2015. Commonality in structure among food web networks. Network Biology. 5(4):146-162.

Filgueira, R., Byron, C.J., Comeau, L.A., Costa-Pierce, B., Cranford, P.J., Ferreira, J.G., Guyondet, T., Jansen, H.M., Landry, T., McKindsey, C.W., Petersen, J.K., Reid, G.K., Robinson, S.M.C., Smaal, A., Sonier, R., Strohmeier, T. (abc order). 2015. An integrated ecosystem approach for assessing the potential role of cultivated bivalve shells as part of the carbon trading system. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 518:281-287

Byron, C.J., Dalton, T., Jin, D. 2015. An integrated ecological-economic modeling framework for the sustainable management of oyster farming. Aquaculture. 447:15-22.


Moriarty, P.*, Byron, C.J., Pershing, A., Stockwell, J., Xue, H. 2016. Predicting migratory paths of post-smolt Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Marine Biology. 163:74 10.1007/s00227-016-2847-5

Byron, C.J., Morgan, A. 2016. Potential role of spiny dogfish in gray and harbor seal diets in the Gulf of Maine. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 550:249-270. doi: 10.3354/meps11718

Smith, K.M.*, Byron, C.J., Sulikowski, J.A. 2016.  Modeling predator-prey linkages of diadromous fishes in an estuarine food web. Marine and Coastal Fisheries. 476-491. DOI: 10.1080/19425120.2016.1194920

Callier, M., Byron, C.J., Bengtson, D, Cranford, P., Cross, S., Focken, U., Jansen, H., Kamermans, P., Kiessling, A., Landry, T., O’Biern, F., Petersson, E., Rheault, R.B., Strand, O., Sundell, K, Svasand, T., Wilfors, G, McKindsey, C.W. 2017. Attraction and repulsion of mobile wild organisms to finfish and shellfish aquaculture: a review. Reviews in Aquaculture. 1-26. doi: 10.1111/raq.12208 

Outeiro, L.*, Byron, C.J., R. Angelini. 2018. Ecosystem maturity as a proxy of mussel aquaculture carrying capacity in Ria de Arousa (NW Spain): a food web modelling perspective. Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Chapman, E.*, Byron, C.J. 2018. The flexible application of carrying capacity in ecology. Global Ecology and Conservation. 13 e00365.

Kluger, L.C., Filgueira, R., Byron, C.J. 2019. Using media analysis to scope priorities in social carrying capacity assessments: A global perspective. Marine Policy 99: 252-261.

Grebe, G.*, Byron, C.J., St.Gelais, A., Kotowicz, D., Olson, T. An Ecosystem Approach to kelp Aquaculture in the Americas and Europe. Aquaculture Reports 15:100215. 


Maurin, C.E.*, Byron, C.J., Wilson, K.A. 2019. Food webs and species biodiversity on bivalve (Mytilus edulis) aquaculture farms compared to analogous non-farm structures. Marine Environmental Research. 147: 49-61.

Johnson, T., Beard, K., Brady, D., Byron, C.J., Cleaver, C., Duffy, K., Keeney, N., Kimble, M., Miller, M., Moeykens, S., Teisl, M., vanWalsum, P.G., Yuan, J. 2019. A Social-Ecological Systems framework for marine aquaculture research. Sustainability. 11, 2522;


Langton, R., Augyte, S., Price, N., Forster, J., Noji, T., Grebe, G., St. Gelais, A., Byron, C.J. 2019. An Ecosystem Approach to the Culture of Seaweed. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-F/SPO-195, 24 p.

Barberi, O.*, Byron, C.J., Burkholder, K., St.Gelais, A., Williams, A. 2019. Assessment of microbiological pathogens on edible macroalgae in coastal waters. Journal of Applied Phycology.

Research topics

Fisheries Ecosystems
Marine Conservation Ecology
Ocean Ecosystem Based Management

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